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XLeratorDB/financial Documentation

SQL Server upside risk of asset returns


UpsideRisk

Updated: 31 January 2016


Use the aggregate function UpsideRisk to calculate the Upside Risk, Upside Variance or Upside Deviation.

Upside Risk
Upside Variance

Upside Potential
Where

R
=
asset return
MAR
=
minimum acceptable return
n
=
n is either the rows in the GROUP or the number of rows where R < MAR

Syntax
SELECT [wct].[UpsideRisk](
  <@R, float,>
 ,<@MAR, float,>
 ,<@Full, bit,>,
 ,<@State, nvarchar(4000),>))
Arguments
@R
the asset return for a period; the percentage return in floating point format (i.e. 10% = 0.10). @R is an expression of type float or of a type that can be implicitly converted to float.
@MAR
the minimum acceptable return in floating point format (i.e. 10% = 0.10). @MAR is an expression of type float or of a type that can be implicitly converted to float.
@Full
a bit value which determines the treatment of n. When @Full is TRUE then nu and nd are the number of non-null rows in the GROUP; when @Full is FALSE then nu is the number of rows where @R > @MAR and nd is the number of rows where @R < @MAR.
@State
A sting value determining the return value. Use 'VARIANCE' for UpsideVariance; 'RISK' for UpsideRisk; or POTENTIAL for UpsidePotential.
Return Type
float
Remarks
·         If @R IS NULL it is not included in the calculation.
·         If @MAR IS NULL it is set to zero.
·         If there are no non-NULL rows in a GROUP then NULL is returned.
·         @MAR must be the same for all values in a GROUP.
·         If @Full IS NULL then @Full is set to TRUE.
·         If @Full is TRUE, then n equals the number of rows in the GROUP, else n = the number of rows where R < MAR in the GROUP
·         Available in XLeratorDB / financial 2008 only
Examples
In this example we have monthly returns for an asset and its benchmark for the last three years. The minimum acceptable return is 0.005.
SELECT
   wct.UpsideRisk(Ra,0.005,'False','POTENTIAL') AS UpsidePotential,
   wct.UpsideRisk(Ra,0.005,'False','RISK') AS UpsideRisk,
   wct.UpsideRisk(Ra,0.005,'False','VARIANCE') AS UpsideVariance,
FROM (VALUES
    ('2012-12-31',0.001378,-0.003929)
   ,('2013-01-31',0.028677,-0.001701)
   ,('2013-02-28',0.005801,0.003165)
   ,('2013-03-31',0.01442,-0.006487)
   ,('2013-04-30',0.00229,-0.004653)
   ,('2013-05-31',0.014905,0.009577)
   ,('2013-06-30',0.008594,0.00588)
   ,('2013-07-31',0.011531,0.005089)
   ,('2013-08-31',0.008268,0.005233)
   ,('2013-09-30',0.013993,-0.004338)
   ,('2013-10-31',0.009147,-0.006109)
   ,('2013-11-30',-0.00316,-0.002222)
   ,('2013-12-31',-0.00595,0.005451)
   ,('2014-01-31',0.013398,-0.008099)
   ,('2014-02-28',0.002847,-0.000299)
   ,('2014-03-31',-0.009544,-0.009809)
   ,('2014-04-30',0.002516,0.008875)
   ,('2014-05-31',0.004626,-0.002681)
   ,('2014-06-30',-0.002141,0.000312)
   ,('2014-07-31',0.009247,0.00936)
   ,('2014-08-31',-0.01253,0.005434)
   ,('2014-09-30',0.00441,0.008157)
   ,('2014-10-31',0.01626,-0.006766)
   ,('2014-11-30',0.013207,0.005742)
   ,('2014-12-31',-0.008561,-0.005063)
   ,('2015-01-31',0.012357,0.004357)
   ,('2015-02-28',-0.002057,-0.00044)
   ,('2015-03-31',0.008217,-0.004866)
   ,('2015-04-30',-0.013439,-0.007649)
   ,('2015-05-31',0.004391,-0.002073)
   ,('2015-06-30',-0.008997,0.00399)
   ,('2015-07-31',-0.001878,-0.00613)
   ,('2015-08-31',-0.014381,-0.00351)
   ,('2015-09-30',-0.001885,0.001172)
   ,('2015-10-31',-0.001121,-0.000024)
   ,('2015-11-30',0.000816,0.002596)
   ,('2015-12-31',-0.003088,-0.009025)
   )n(dt,Ra,Rb)

This produces the following result.


In this example we have the monthly returns for 6 managers plus a benchmark stored in the #managers table which is in 'spreadsheet' format. The minimum acceptable rate is 0.005.
SELECT
   *
INTO
   #managers
FROM (VALUES
    ('2012-12-31',-0.002546,NULL,NULL,0.003006,NULL,0.005007,-0.001839)
   ,('2013-01-31',0.00977,NULL,NULL,0.001,NULL,-0.007579,0.008614)
   ,('2013-02-28',0.024726,NULL,NULL,0.005703,NULL,0.006496,-0.004624)
   ,('2013-03-31',0.000942,NULL,NULL,0.007578,NULL,0.008333,0.005031)
   ,('2013-04-30',0.022139,NULL,NULL,0.007118,NULL,-0.007312,-0.005431)
   ,('2013-05-31',0.019449,NULL,NULL,0.005659,NULL,-0.003902,-0.001878)
   ,('2013-06-30',-0.007964,NULL,NULL,0.003757,NULL,-0.001899,-0.00706)
   ,('2013-07-31',-0.008262,-0.002824,NULL,0.003762,NULL,-0.007347,-0.001982)
   ,('2013-08-31',0.009617,0.007319,NULL,0.0022,NULL,-0.002116,0.003867)
   ,('2013-09-30',-0.004118,0.004128,NULL,0.001394,NULL,0.008333,0.001356)
   ,('2013-10-31',0.010754,-0.001578,NULL,0.003483,NULL,-0.004724,-0.001342)
   ,('2013-11-30',0.002402,0.020835,NULL,0.001,NULL,0.003954,-0.000306)
   ,('2013-12-31',0.004581,0.015689,NULL,0.002146,NULL,0.008333,0.001118)
   ,('2014-01-31',-0.00055,-0.001027,-0.008245,0.00732,NULL,0.004025,-0.007227)
   ,('2014-02-28',-0.001512,0.001653,-0.009029,0.009919,NULL,-0.008333,-0.003878)
   ,('2014-03-31',0.008784,0.004364,-0.011608,0.001,NULL,-0.008333,-0.004822)
   ,('2014-04-30',0.008412,-0.012369,-0.004692,0.004536,NULL,-0.006303,0.004306)
   ,('2014-05-31',0.003945,0.010651,-0.016833,0.001,NULL,-0.007974,0.005221)
   ,('2014-06-30',0.012371,0.01773,-0.010384,0.010593,NULL,-0.004781,-0.000731)
   ,('2014-07-31',0.011915,0.004308,-0.012965,0.001,NULL,0.007751,-0.009239)
   ,('2014-08-31',-0.013738,0.00039,0.000009,0.005139,0.001,-0.003319,-0.003636)
   ,('2014-09-30',-0.004081,0.01968,-0.008214,0.007976,0.001,-0.003799,0.005563)
   ,('2014-10-31',0.01608,0.015291,-0.002969,0.01303,0.001,-0.004645,0.001599)
   ,('2014-11-30',0.011241,0.012312,0.007088,0.00384,0.000852,0.006783,-0.008487)
   ,('2014-12-31',-0.004251,0.008737,-0.013576,0.001,0.001,-0.0034,0.001013)
   ,('2015-01-31',-0.004039,0.012938,-0.011891,0.004576,0.001,-0.004195,-0.002653)
   ,('2015-02-28',0.026326,0.019695,-0.013178,0.010737,0.001,0.006418,-0.00952)
   ,('2015-03-31',-0.000628,0.008029,0.005917,0.017461,0.00048,-0.00501,0.007879)
   ,('2015-04-30',0.005688,0.01249,-0.018813,0.001,-0.002104,0.003657,0.009886)
   ,('2015-05-31',0.010039,0.008442,-0.01465,0.001,0.001,0.001024,0.001695)
   ,('2015-06-30',-0.004267,0.001391,-0.022504,0.003104,0.001,-0.003507,0.009854)
   ,('2015-07-31',-0.001672,0.020558,-0.011859,0.001,0.001,NULL,0.008361)
   ,('2015-08-31',0.015726,0.017419,-0.004556,0.001,-0.000462,NULL,-0.007253)
   ,('2015-09-30',0.001977,0.007301,-0.00811,0.013011,-0.001032,NULL,0.009911)
   ,('2015-10-31',0.016201,0.00877,-0.005536,0.014527,-0.000833,NULL,0.009897)
   ,('2015-11-30',0.019996,-0.000785,-0.002161,0.001947,0.001,NULL,-0.007307)
   ,('2015-12-31',-0.003254,0.009595,-0.013785,0.001,0.001,NULL,0.007196)
   )n(dt,man1,man2,man3,man4,man5,man6,bmark)


To calculate the upside risk for each manager against a minimum acceptable return of 0.5% we run the following SQL.
SELECT
   n.s as [State],
   p.f as [Full],
   wct.UpsideRisk(man1,0.005,p.f,n.s) as man1,
   wct.UpsideRisk(man2,0.005,p.f,n.s) as man2,
   wct.UpsideRisk(man3,0.005,p.f,n.s) as man3,
   wct.UpsideRisk(man4,0.005,p.f,n.s) as man4,
   wct.UpsideRisk(man5,0.005,p.f,n.s) as man5,
   wct.UpsideRisk(man6,0.005,p.f,n.s) as man6,
   wct.UpsideRisk(bmark,0.005,p.f,n.s) as bmark
FROM
   #managers
CROSS APPLY(VALUES ('POTENTIAL'),('RISK'),('VARIANCE'))n(s)
CROSS APPLY(VALUES (0),(1))p(f)
GROUP BY n.s,p.f

This produces the following result.


Using the same data from the previous example in the #nmanagers table which is in 3rd normal form we perform the same calculation.
SELECT
   *
INTO
   #nmanagers
FROM (VALUES
    ('2012-12-31','man1',-0.002546)
   ,('2012-12-31','man4',0.003006)
   ,('2012-12-31','man6',0.005007)
   ,('2012-12-31','bmark',-0.001839)
   ,('2013-01-31','man1',0.009770)
   ,('2013-01-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2013-01-31','man6',-0.007579)
   ,('2013-01-31','bmark',0.008614)
   ,('2013-02-28','man1',0.024726)
   ,('2013-02-28','man4',0.005703)
   ,('2013-02-28','man6',0.006496)
   ,('2013-02-28','bmark',-0.004624)
   ,('2013-03-31','man1',0.000942)
   ,('2013-03-31','man4',0.007578)
   ,('2013-03-31','man6',0.008333)
   ,('2013-03-31','bmark',0.005031)
   ,('2013-04-30','man1',0.022139)
   ,('2013-04-30','man4',0.007118)
   ,('2013-04-30','man6',-0.007312)
   ,('2013-04-30','bmark',-0.005431)
   ,('2013-05-31','man1',0.019449)
   ,('2013-05-31','man4',0.005659)
   ,('2013-05-31','man6',-0.003902)
   ,('2013-05-31','bmark',-0.001878)
   ,('2013-06-30','man1',-0.007964)
   ,('2013-06-30','man4',0.003757)
   ,('2013-06-30','man6',-0.001899)
   ,('2013-06-30','bmark',-0.007060)
   ,('2013-07-31','man1',-0.008262)
   ,('2013-07-31','man2',-0.002824)
   ,('2013-07-31','man4',0.003762)
   ,('2013-07-31','man6',-0.007347)
   ,('2013-07-31','bmark',-0.001982)
   ,('2013-08-31','man1',0.009617)
   ,('2013-08-31','man2',0.007319)
   ,('2013-08-31','man4',0.002200)
   ,('2013-08-31','man6',-0.002116)
   ,('2013-08-31','bmark',0.003867)
   ,('2013-09-30','man1',-0.004118)
   ,('2013-09-30','man2',0.004128)
   ,('2013-09-30','man4',0.001394)
   ,('2013-09-30','man6',0.008333)
   ,('2013-09-30','bmark',0.001356)
   ,('2013-10-31','man1',0.010754)
   ,('2013-10-31','man2',-0.001578)
   ,('2013-10-31','man4',0.003483)
   ,('2013-10-31','man6',-0.004724)
   ,('2013-10-31','bmark',-0.001342)
   ,('2013-11-30','man1',0.002402)
   ,('2013-11-30','man2',0.020835)
   ,('2013-11-30','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2013-11-30','man6',0.003954)
   ,('2013-11-30','bmark',-0.000306)
   ,('2013-12-31','man1',0.004581)
   ,('2013-12-31','man2',0.015689)
   ,('2013-12-31','man4',0.002146)
   ,('2013-12-31','man6',0.008333)
   ,('2013-12-31','bmark',0.001118)
   ,('2014-01-31','man1',-0.000550)
   ,('2014-01-31','man2',-0.001027)
   ,('2014-01-31','man3',-0.008245)
   ,('2014-01-31','man4',0.007320)
   ,('2014-01-31','man6',0.004025)
   ,('2014-01-31','bmark',-0.007227)
   ,('2014-02-28','man1',-0.001512)
   ,('2014-02-28','man2',0.001653)
   ,('2014-02-28','man3',-0.009029)
   ,('2014-02-28','man4',0.009919)
   ,('2014-02-28','man6',-0.008333)
   ,('2014-02-28','bmark',-0.003878)
   ,('2014-03-31','man1',0.008784)
   ,('2014-03-31','man2',0.004364)
   ,('2014-03-31','man3',-0.011608)
   ,('2014-03-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2014-03-31','man6',-0.008333)
   ,('2014-03-31','bmark',-0.004822)
   ,('2014-04-30','man1',0.008412)
   ,('2014-04-30','man2',-0.012369)
   ,('2014-04-30','man3',-0.004692)
   ,('2014-04-30','man4',0.004536)
   ,('2014-04-30','man6',-0.006303)
   ,('2014-04-30','bmark',0.004306)
   ,('2014-05-31','man1',0.003945)
   ,('2014-05-31','man2',0.010651)
   ,('2014-05-31','man3',-0.016833)
   ,('2014-05-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2014-05-31','man6',-0.007974)
   ,('2014-05-31','bmark',0.005221)
   ,('2014-06-30','man1',0.012371)
   ,('2014-06-30','man2',0.017730)
   ,('2014-06-30','man3',-0.010384)
   ,('2014-06-30','man4',0.010593)
   ,('2014-06-30','man6',-0.004781)
   ,('2014-06-30','bmark',-0.000731)
   ,('2014-07-31','man1',0.011915)
   ,('2014-07-31','man2',0.004308)
   ,('2014-07-31','man3',-0.012965)
   ,('2014-07-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2014-07-31','man6',0.007751)
   ,('2014-07-31','bmark',-0.009239)
   ,('2014-08-31','man1',-0.013738)
   ,('2014-08-31','man2',0.000390)
   ,('2014-08-31','man3',0.000009)
   ,('2014-08-31','man4',0.005139)
   ,('2014-08-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2014-08-31','man6',-0.003319)
   ,('2014-08-31','bmark',-0.003636)
   ,('2014-09-30','man1',-0.004081)
   ,('2014-09-30','man2',0.019680)
   ,('2014-09-30','man3',-0.008214)
   ,('2014-09-30','man4',0.007976)
   ,('2014-09-30','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2014-09-30','man6',-0.003799)
   ,('2014-09-30','bmark',0.005563)
   ,('2014-10-31','man1',0.016080)
   ,('2014-10-31','man2',0.015291)
   ,('2014-10-31','man3',-0.002969)
   ,('2014-10-31','man4',0.013030)
   ,('2014-10-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2014-10-31','man6',-0.004645)
   ,('2014-10-31','bmark',0.001599)
   ,('2014-11-30','man1',0.011241)
   ,('2014-11-30','man2',0.012312)
   ,('2014-11-30','man3',0.007088)
   ,('2014-11-30','man4',0.003840)
   ,('2014-11-30','man5',0.000852)
   ,('2014-11-30','man6',0.006783)
   ,('2014-11-30','bmark',-0.008487)
   ,('2014-12-31','man1',-0.004251)
   ,('2014-12-31','man2',0.008737)
   ,('2014-12-31','man3',-0.013576)
   ,('2014-12-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2014-12-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2014-12-31','man6',-0.003400)
   ,('2014-12-31','bmark',0.001013)
   ,('2015-01-31','man1',-0.004039)
   ,('2015-01-31','man2',0.012938)
   ,('2015-01-31','man3',-0.011891)
   ,('2015-01-31','man4',0.004576)
   ,('2015-01-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-01-31','man6',-0.004195)
   ,('2015-01-31','bmark',-0.002653)
   ,('2015-02-28','man1',0.026326)
   ,('2015-02-28','man2',0.019695)
   ,('2015-02-28','man3',-0.013178)
   ,('2015-02-28','man4',0.010737)
   ,('2015-02-28','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-02-28','man6',0.006418)
   ,('2015-02-28','bmark',-0.009520)
   ,('2015-03-31','man1',-0.000628)
   ,('2015-03-31','man2',0.008029)
   ,('2015-03-31','man3',0.005917)
   ,('2015-03-31','man4',0.017461)
   ,('2015-03-31','man5',0.000480)
   ,('2015-03-31','man6',-0.005010)
   ,('2015-03-31','bmark',0.007879)
   ,('2015-04-30','man1',0.005688)
   ,('2015-04-30','man2',0.012490)
   ,('2015-04-30','man3',-0.018813)
   ,('2015-04-30','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2015-04-30','man5',-0.002104)
   ,('2015-04-30','man6',0.003657)
   ,('2015-04-30','bmark',0.009886)
   ,('2015-05-31','man1',0.010039)
   ,('2015-05-31','man2',0.008442)
   ,('2015-05-31','man3',-0.014650)
   ,('2015-05-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2015-05-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-05-31','man6',0.001024)
   ,('2015-05-31','bmark',0.001695)
   ,('2015-06-30','man1',-0.004267)
   ,('2015-06-30','man2',0.001391)
   ,('2015-06-30','man3',-0.022504)
   ,('2015-06-30','man4',0.003104)
   ,('2015-06-30','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-06-30','man6',-0.003507)
   ,('2015-06-30','bmark',0.009854)
   ,('2015-07-31','man1',-0.001672)
   ,('2015-07-31','man2',0.020558)
   ,('2015-07-31','man3',-0.011859)
   ,('2015-07-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2015-07-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-07-31','bmark',0.008361)
   ,('2015-08-31','man1',0.015726)
   ,('2015-08-31','man2',0.017419)
   ,('2015-08-31','man3',-0.004556)
   ,('2015-08-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2015-08-31','man5',-0.000462)
   ,('2015-08-31','bmark',-0.007253)
   ,('2015-09-30','man1',0.001977)
   ,('2015-09-30','man2',0.007301)
   ,('2015-09-30','man3',-0.008110)
   ,('2015-09-30','man4',0.013011)
   ,('2015-09-30','man5',-0.001032)
   ,('2015-09-30','bmark',0.009911)
   ,('2015-10-31','man1',0.016201)
   ,('2015-10-31','man2',0.008770)
   ,('2015-10-31','man3',-0.005536)
   ,('2015-10-31','man4',0.014527)
   ,('2015-10-31','man5',-0.000833)
   ,('2015-10-31','bmark',0.009897)
   ,('2015-11-30','man1',0.019996)
   ,('2015-11-30','man2',-0.000785)
   ,('2015-11-30','man3',-0.002161)
   ,('2015-11-30','man4',0.001947)
   ,('2015-11-30','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-11-30','bmark',-0.007307)
   ,('2015-12-31','man1',-0.003254)
   ,('2015-12-31','man2',0.009595)
   ,('2015-12-31','man3',-0.013785)
   ,('2015-12-31','man4',0.001000)
   ,('2015-12-31','man5',0.001000)
   ,('2015-12-31','bmark',0.007196)
)n(dt,man,R)
SELECT
    n.s as [State]
   ,p.f as [Full]
   ,man
   ,wct.UpsideRisk(R,0.005,p.f,n.s)
FROM
   #nmanagers
CROSS APPLY(VALUES ('POTENTIAL'),('RISK'),('VARIANCE'))n(s)
CROSS APPLY(VALUES (0),(1))p(f)
GROUP BY
    n.s
   ,p.f
   ,man

This produces the following result.

 

See Also

 



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