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XLeratorDB/windowing Documentation

SQL Server LAG function


LAG

Updated: 31 Oct 2012


Use the LAG function to obtain access to multiple rows within a resultant table, without the need for a self-join. If the column values are presented to the functions out of order, an error message will be generated.
Syntax
SELECT [Example].[wct].[LAG](
  <@Val, float,>
 ,<@Offset, int,>
 ,<@DefaultValue, float,>
 ,<@RowNum, int,>
 ,<@Id, tinyint,>)
GO
Arguments
@Val
the value passed into the function. @Val is an expression of type float or of a type that can be implicitly converted to float.
@Offset
the size of the window, including the current row. @Offset is an expression of type int or of a type that can be implicitly converted to int.
@DefaultValue
the value to be used when @Val is NULL. @DefaultValue is an expression of type float or of a type that can be implicitly converted to float.
@RowNum
the number of the row within the group for which the sum is being calculated. If @RowNum for the current row in a set is less than or equal to the previous @RowNum and @RowNum is not equal to 1, an error message will be generated. @RowNum is an expression of type int or of a type that can be implicitly converted to int.
@Id
a unique identifier for the LAG calculation. @Id allows you to specify multiple LAG calculations within a resultant table. @Id is an expression of type tinyint or of a type that can be implicitly converted to tinyint.
Remarks
·         If @Id is NULL then @Id = 0.
·         @RowNum must be in ascending order.
·         There may be cases where the order in which the data are returned to the function and the order in which the results are returned are different, generally due to parallelism. You can use OPTION(MAXDOP 1) or OPTION(MAXDOP 1,FORCE ORDER) to help eliminate this problem
Example
In this example we will calculate the percentage change in closing price for some stock indices. We will create a temporary table, #p, populate it with some data and then run the SELECT.
--Create the temporary table
CREATE TABLE #p(
   ticker            varchar(4),
   date_trade        datetime,
   price_open        money,
   price_high        money,
   price_low         money,
   price_close       money,
   volume            bigint,
   price_adj_close   money,
   PRIMARY KEY (ticker, date_trade)
   )
--Populate the table with some data
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-26', 1412.97, 1417.09, 1403.28, 1411.94, 3284910000, 1411.94)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-25', 1409.74, 1421.12, 1405.14, 1412.97, 3512640000, 1412.97)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-24', 1413.2, 1420.04, 1407.1, 1408.75, 3385970000, 1408.75)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-23', 1433.74, 1433.74, 1407.56, 1413.11, 3587670000, 1413.11)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-22', 1433.21, 1435.46, 1422.06, 1433.81, 3216220000, 1433.81)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-19', 1457.34, 1457.34, 1429.85, 1433.19, 3875170000, 1433.19)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-18', 1460.94, 1464.02, 1452.63, 1457.34, 3880030000, 1457.34)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-17', 1454.22, 1462.2, 1453.35, 1460.91, 3655320000, 1460.91)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-16', 1440.31, 1455.51, 1440.31, 1454.92, 3568770000, 1454.92)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-15', 1428.75, 1441.31, 1427.24, 1440.13, 3483810000, 1440.13)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-12', 1432.84, 1438.43, 1425.53, 1428.59, 3134750000, 1428.59)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-11', 1432.82, 1443.9, 1432.82, 1432.84, 3672540000, 1432.84)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-10', 1441.48, 1442.52, 1430.64, 1432.56, 3225060000, 1432.56)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-09', 1455.9, 1455.9, 1441.18, 1441.48, 3216320000, 1441.48)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-08', 1460.93, 1460.93, 1453.1, 1455.88, 2328720000, 1455.88)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-05', 1461.4, 1470.96, 1456.89, 1460.93, 3172940000, 1460.93)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-04', 1451.08, 1463.14, 1451.08, 1461.4, 3615860000, 1461.4)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-03', 1446.05, 1454.3, 1441.99, 1450.99, 3531640000, 1450.99)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-02', 1444.99, 1451.52, 1439.01, 1445.75, 3321790000, 1445.75)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-10-01', 1440.9, 1457.14, 1440.9, 1444.49, 3505080000, 1444.49)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-28', 1447.13, 1447.13, 1435.6, 1440.67, 3509230000, 1440.67)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-27', 1433.36, 1450.2, 1433.36, 1447.15, 3150330000, 1447.15)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-26', 1441.6, 1441.6, 1430.53, 1433.32, 3565380000, 1433.32)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-25', 1456.94, 1463.24, 1441.59, 1441.59, 3739900000, 1441.59)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-24', 1459.76, 1460.72, 1452.06, 1456.89, 3008920000, 1456.89)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-21', 1460.34, 1467.07, 1459.51, 1460.15, 4833870000, 1460.15)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-20', 1461.05, 1461.23, 1449.98, 1460.26, 3382520000, 1460.26)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-19', 1459.5, 1465.15, 1457.88, 1461.05, 3451360000, 1461.05)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-18', 1461.19, 1461.47, 1456.13, 1459.32, 3377390000, 1459.32)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-17', 1465.42, 1465.63, 1457.55, 1461.19, 3482430000, 1461.19)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-14', 1460.07, 1474.51, 1460.07, 1465.77, 5041990000, 1465.77)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-13', 1436.56, 1463.76, 1435.34, 1459.99, 4606550000, 1459.99)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-12', 1433.56, 1439.15, 1432.99, 1436.56, 3641200000, 1436.56)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-11', 1429.13, 1437.76, 1429.13, 1433.56, 3509630000, 1433.56)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-10', 1437.92, 1438.74, 1428.98, 1429.08, 3223670000, 1429.08)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-07', 1432.12, 1437.92, 1431.45, 1437.92, 3717620000, 1437.92)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-06', 1403.74, 1432.12, 1403.74, 1432.12, 3952870000, 1432.12)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-05', 1404.94, 1408.81, 1401.25, 1403.44, 3389110000, 1403.44)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-09-04', 1406.54, 1409.31, 1396.56, 1404.94, 3200310000, 1404.94)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-08-31', 1400.07, 1413.09, 1398.96, 1406.58, 2938250000, 1406.58)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-08-30', 1410.08, 1410.08, 1397.01, 1399.48, 2530280000, 1399.48)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-08-29', 1409.32, 1413.95, 1406.57, 1410.49, 2571220000, 1410.49)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-08-28', 1410.44, 1413.63, 1405.59, 1409.3, 2629090000, 1409.3)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('GSPC', '2012-08-27', 1411.13, 1416.17, 1409.11, 1410.44, 2472500000, 1410.44)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-26', 13104.22, 13151.72, 13040.17, 13107.21, 1346400, 13107.21)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-25', 13079.64, 13214.11, 13017.37, 13103.68, 1145900, 13103.68)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-24', 13103.53, 13155.21, 13063.63, 13077.34, 1106700, 13077.34)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-23', 13344.9, 13344.9, 13083.28, 13102.53, 1222200, 13102.53)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-22', 13344.28, 13368.55, 13235.15, 13345.89, 1218800, 13345.89)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-19', 13545.33, 13545.49, 13312.22, 13343.51, 2390800, 13343.51)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-18', 13553.24, 13588.73, 13510.93, 13548.94, 1284100, 13548.94)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-17', 13539.63, 13561.65, 13468.9, 13557, 1355700, 13557)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-16', 13423.84, 13556.37, 13423.76, 13551.78, 1134500, 13551.78)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-15', 13329.54, 13437.66, 13325.93, 13424.23, 1148800, 13424.23)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-12', 13325.62, 13401.32, 13296.43, 13328.85, 1137400, 13328.85)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-11', 13346.28, 13428.49, 13326.12, 13326.39, 866300, 13326.39)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-10', 13473.53, 13478.83, 13327.62, 13344.97, 1011200, 13344.97)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-09', 13582.88, 13592.33, 13473.31, 13473.53, 1036300, 13473.53)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-08', 13589.26, 13610.38, 13552.09, 13583.65, 713000, 13583.65)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-05', 13569.18, 13661.87, 13568.75, 13610.15, 1155000, 13610.15)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-04', 13495.18, 13594.33, 13495.18, 13575.36, 1063900, 13575.36)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-03', 13479.21, 13536.27, 13439.12, 13494.61, 1038900, 13494.61)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-02', 13515.3, 13567.06, 13424.92, 13482.36, 907300, 13482.36)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-10-01', 13437.66, 13598.25, 13437.66, 13515.11, 1061200, 13515.11)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-28', 13485.89, 13487.66, 13367.27, 13437.13, 1469500, 13437.13)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-27', 13413.47, 13522.83, 13413.47, 13485.97, 1139900, 13485.97)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-26', 13458.63, 13480.37, 13406.91, 13413.51, 1243500, 13413.51)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-25', 13559.92, 13620.21, 13457.25, 13457.55, 1386300, 13457.55)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-24', 13577.85, 13601.9, 13521.68, 13558.92, 1203700, 13558.92)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-21', 13597.24, 13647.1, 13571.53, 13579.47, 4296100, 13579.47)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-20', 13575.17, 13599.02, 13503, 13596.93, 1179100, 13596.93)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-19', 13565.41, 13626.48, 13556.74, 13577.96, 1162100, 13577.96)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-18', 13552.33, 13582.12, 13517.81, 13564.64, 1207200, 13564.64)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-17', 13588.57, 13593.15, 13526.67, 13553.1, 1280200, 13553.1)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-14', 13540.4, 13653.24, 13533.94, 13593.37, 1851600, 13593.37)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-13', 13329.71, 13573.33, 13325.11, 13539.86, 1517700, 13539.86)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-12', 13321.62, 13373.62, 13317.52, 13333.35, 1115200, 13333.35)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-11', 13254.6, 13354.34, 13253.21, 13323.36, 1049200, 13323.36)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-10', 13308.56, 13324.1, 13251.39, 13254.29, 1238100, 13254.29)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-07', 13289.53, 13320.27, 13266.22, 13306.64, 1422100, 13306.64)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-06', 13045.23, 13294.13, 13045.08, 13292, 1286500, 13292)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-05', 13036.09, 13095.91, 13018.74, 13047.48, 925500, 13047.48)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-09-04', 13092.15, 13092.39, 12977.09, 13035.94, 1039200, 13035.94)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-08-31', 13002.72, 13151.87, 13002.64, 13090.84, 1197800, 13090.84)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-08-30', 13101.29, 13101.37, 12978.91, 13000.71, 899800, 13000.71)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-08-29', 13103.46, 13144.81, 13081.27, 13107.48, 915300, 13107.48)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-08-28', 13122.74, 13147.32, 13081.12, 13102.99, 816300, 13102.99)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-08-27', 13157.74, 13176.17, 13115.46, 13124.67, 960700, 13124.67)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('DJI', '2012-08-24', 13052.82, 13175.51, 13027.2, 13157.97, 880300, 13157.97)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-26', 2986.05, 2999.14, 2961.16, 2987.95, 1839700000, 2987.95)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-25', 3005.04, 3007.71, 2975.98, 2986.12, 1922660000, 2986.12)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-24', 3011.82, 3012.95, 2978.73, 2981.7, 1967000000, 2981.7)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-23', 2989.44, 3006.59, 2974.07, 2990.46, 1830840000, 2990.46)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-22', 3005.92, 3020.61, 2995.78, 3016.96, 1654130000, 3016.96)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-19', 3066.56, 3066.56, 3000.27, 3005.62, 2225580000, 3005.62)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-18', 3097.77, 3102.56, 3065.24, 3072.87, 2043290000, 3072.87)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-17', 3091.38, 3112.45, 3088.05, 3104.12, 1770920000, 3104.12)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-16', 3073.21, 3102.97, 3070.25, 3101.17, 1736930000, 3101.17)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-15', 3053.21, 3066.31, 3037.27, 3064.18, 1563440000, 3064.18)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-12', 3049.08, 3061.77, 3039.58, 3044.11, 1524840000, 3044.11)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-11', 3075.89, 3078.08, 3047.14, 3049.41, 1595020000, 3049.41)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-10', 3066.25, 3071.57, 3046.78, 3051.78, 1788970000, 3051.78)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-09', 3108.01, 3108.01, 3062.52, 3065.02, 1645740000, 3065.02)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-08', 3121.33, 3125.49, 3107.57, 3112.35, 1186260000, 3112.35)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-05', 3161.21, 3171.46, 3130.76, 3136.19, 1607940000, 3136.19)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-04', 3142.38, 3153.48, 3132.56, 3149.46, 1585190000, 3149.46)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-03', 3130.85, 3142.36, 3115.04, 3135.23, 1704050000, 3135.23)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-02', 3127.73, 3131.64, 3101.64, 3120.04, 1609570000, 3120.04)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-10-01', 3130.31, 3146.99, 3103.89, 3113.53, 1758170000, 3113.53)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-28', 3125.31, 3132.51, 3109.91, 3116.23, 1864640000, 3116.23)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-27', 3105.87, 3142.02, 3098.46, 3136.6, 1691800000, 3136.6)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-26', 3113.4, 3114.54, 3080.28, 3093.7, 1738010000, 3093.7)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-25', 3170.37, 3176.3, 3117.73, 3117.73, 1975470000, 3117.73)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-24', 3155.35, 3167.74, 3150.71, 3160.78, 1704860000, 3160.78)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-21', 3194.86, 3196.93, 3178.09, 3179.96, 2526250000, 3179.96)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-20', 3166.84, 3178.45, 3156.46, 3175.96, 1809130000, 3175.96)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-19', 3179.04, 3189.35, 3170.29, 3182.62, 1850920000, 3182.62)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-18', 3173.62, 3179.37, 3169.41, 3177.8, 1707200000, 3177.8)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-17', 3183.4, 3183.4, 3168.63, 3178.67, 1485390000, 3178.67)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-14', 3166.24, 3195.67, 3164.26, 3183.95, 1984720000, 3183.95)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-13', 3117.66, 3167.63, 3112.62, 3155.83, 1870050000, 3155.83)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-12', 3115.33, 3120.12, 3098.82, 3114.31, 1689140000, 3114.31)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-11', 3105.02, 3117.86, 3099.1, 3104.53, 1586250000, 3104.53)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-10', 3131.34, 3133.89, 3102.76, 3104.02, 1575370000, 3104.02)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-07', 3133.22, 3139.61, 3128.17, 3136.42, 1740640000, 3136.42)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-06', 3087.94, 3135.81, 3087.67, 3135.81, 1918900000, 3135.81)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-05', 3072.58, 3082.75, 3062.54, 3069.27, 1495030000, 3069.27)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-09-04', 3063.25, 3082.26, 3040.24, 3075.06, 1505960000, 3075.06)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-08-31', 3069.64, 3078.52, 3040.59, 3066.96, 1394760000, 3066.96)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-08-30', 3066.73, 3067.54, 3045.92, 3048.71, 1216640000, 3048.71)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-08-29', 3078.05, 3087.24, 3067.62, 3081.19, 1282900000, 3081.19)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-08-28', 3069.4, 3083.19, 3063.65, 3077.14, 1364740000, 3077.14)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-08-27', 3083.62, 3085.81, 3068.13, 3073.19, 1383530000, 3073.19)
INSERT INTO #p VALUES ('IXIC', '2012-08-24', 3045.22, 3076.8, 3042.22, 3069.79, 1349740000, 3069.79)
--Calculate the day-over-day percentage change
--in the closing price of GSPC
SELECT ticker
,cast(convert(varchar, date_trade, 106) as char(11)) as [trade date]
,price_close as [Closing Price]
,price_close / wct.LAG(price_close, 1, NULL, ROW_NUMBER() over (ORDER BY date_trade ASC),NULL) - 1 as [Pct. Change]
FROM #p
WHERE ticker = 'GSPC'
ORDER BY date_trade ASC
--Clean up
DROP TABLE #p
 This produces the following result.
ticker trade date          Closing Price            Pct. Change
------ ----------- --------------------- ----------------------
GSPC   27 Aug 2012               1410.44                   NULL
GSPC   28 Aug 2012               1409.30  -0.000808258415813556
GSPC   29 Aug 2012               1410.49   0.000844390832328124
GSPC   30 Aug 2012               1399.48    -0.0078057979850974
GSPC   31 Aug 2012               1406.58    0.00507331294480795
GSPC   04 Sep 2012               1404.94   -0.00116594861294761
GSPC   05 Sep 2012               1403.44   -0.00106766125243785
GSPC   06 Sep 2012               1432.12     0.0204355013395656
GSPC   07 Sep 2012               1437.92    0.00404993994916647
GSPC   10 Sep 2012               1429.08   -0.00614776899966629
GSPC   11 Sep 2012               1433.56    0.00313488398130257
GSPC   12 Sep 2012               1436.56    0.00209269231842413
GSPC   13 Sep 2012               1459.99     0.0163097956228768
GSPC   14 Sep 2012               1465.77    0.00395893122555635
GSPC   17 Sep 2012               1461.19    -0.0031246375625098
GSPC   18 Sep 2012               1459.32   -0.00127977881042174
GSPC   19 Sep 2012               1461.05    0.00118548364991922
GSPC   20 Sep 2012               1460.26  -0.000540707025769138
GSPC   21 Sep 2012               1460.15  -7.53290509908355E-05
GSPC   24 Sep 2012               1456.89   -0.00223264733075368
GSPC   25 Sep 2012               1441.59    -0.0105018223750594
GSPC   26 Sep 2012               1433.32   -0.00573672125916525
GSPC   27 Sep 2012               1447.15    0.00964892696676256
GSPC   28 Sep 2012               1440.67   -0.00447776664478461
GSPC   01 Oct 2012               1444.49    0.00265154407324375
GSPC   02 Oct 2012               1445.75    0.00087228018193275
GSPC   03 Oct 2012               1450.99    0.00362441639287558
GSPC   04 Oct 2012               1461.40    0.00717441195321822
GSPC   05 Oct 2012               1460.93  -0.000321609415628865
GSPC   08 Oct 2012               1455.88   -0.00345670223761574
GSPC   09 Oct 2012               1441.48   -0.00989092507624256
GSPC   10 Oct 2012               1432.56   -0.00618808446874053
GSPC   11 Oct 2012               1432.84   0.000195454291617825
GSPC   12 Oct 2012               1428.59   -0.00296613718209993
GSPC   15 Oct 2012               1440.13    0.00807789498736522
GSPC   16 Oct 2012               1454.92     0.0102699061890246
GSPC   17 Oct 2012               1460.91    0.00411706485579955
GSPC   18 Oct 2012               1457.34   -0.00244368236236325
GSPC   19 Oct 2012               1433.19    -0.0165712874140557
GSPC   22 Oct 2012               1433.81   0.000432601399674715
GSPC   23 Oct 2012               1413.11     -0.014437059303534
GSPC   24 Oct 2012               1408.75   -0.00308539321071954
GSPC   25 Oct 2012               1412.97    0.00299556344276852
GSPC   26 Oct 2012               1411.94  -0.000728960982894211
 
In this example we calculate the 5-day moving average for 'IXIC', even though it would be much simpler to use the DWMA function.
SELECT ticker
,cast(convert(varchar, date_trade, 106) as char(11)) as [trade date]
,price_close as [Closing Price]
,(wct.LAG(price_close * 1, 5, NULL, ROW_NUMBER() over (ORDER BY date_trade ASC),5) +
 wct.LAG(price_close * 2, 4, NULL, ROW_NUMBER() over (ORDER BY date_trade ASC),4) +
 wct.LAG(price_close * 3, 3, NULL, ROW_NUMBER() over (ORDER BY date_trade ASC),3) +
 wct.LAG(price_close * 4, 2, NULL, ROW_NUMBER() over (ORDER BY date_trade ASC),2) +
 wct.LAG(price_close * 5, 1, NULL, ROW_NUMBER() over (ORDER BY date_trade ASC),1)) / 15 as [5-day Moving Avg.]
FROM #p
WHERE ticker = 'IXIC'
This produces the folowing result.
ticker trade date          Closing Price      5-day Moving Avg.
------ ----------- --------------------- ----------------------
IXIC   24 Aug 2012               3069.79                   NULL
IXIC   27 Aug 2012               3073.19                   NULL
IXIC   28 Aug 2012               3077.14                   NULL
IXIC   29 Aug 2012               3081.19                   NULL
IXIC   30 Aug 2012               3048.71                   NULL
IXIC   31 Aug 2012               3066.96       3067.72666666667
IXIC   04 Sep 2012               3075.06               3066.712
IXIC   05 Sep 2012               3069.27               3068.586
IXIC   06 Sep 2012               3135.81       3068.40533333333
IXIC   07 Sep 2012               3136.42       3090.92933333333
IXIC   10 Sep 2012               3104.02       3110.01533333333
IXIC   11 Sep 2012               3104.53               3112.454
IXIC   12 Sep 2012               3114.31               3112.592
IXIC   13 Sep 2012               3155.83       3114.02533333333
IXIC   14 Sep 2012               3183.95               3126.296
IXIC   17 Sep 2012               3178.67       3146.60533333333
IXIC   18 Sep 2012               3177.80               3161.986
IXIC   19 Sep 2012               3182.62                 3172.1
IXIC   20 Sep 2012               3175.96               3178.936
IXIC   21 Sep 2012               3179.96               3178.998
IXIC   24 Sep 2012               3160.78       3179.05133333333
IXIC   25 Sep 2012               3117.73       3172.97733333333
IXIC   26 Sep 2012               3093.70               3153.746
IXIC   27 Sep 2012               3136.60       3130.50933333333
IXIC   28 Sep 2012               3116.23       3127.50066666667
IXIC   01 Oct 2012               3113.53               3120.326
IXIC   02 Oct 2012               3120.04                 3116.5
IXIC   03 Oct 2012               3135.23               3117.994
IXIC   04 Oct 2012               3149.46       3124.39733333333
IXIC   05 Oct 2012               3136.19       3132.77533333333
IXIC   08 Oct 2012               3112.35       3135.87266666667
IXIC   09 Oct 2012               3065.02       3129.69266666667
IXIC   10 Oct 2012               3051.78       3107.81466666667
IXIC   11 Oct 2012               3049.41       3085.19133333333
IXIC   12 Oct 2012               3044.11       3067.34133333333
IXIC   15 Oct 2012               3064.18       3054.39466666667
IXIC   16 Oct 2012               3101.17       3054.27666666667
IXIC   17 Oct 2012               3104.12                 3069.7
IXIC   18 Oct 2012               3072.87       3083.69666666667
IXIC   19 Oct 2012               3005.62       3083.78733333333
IXIC   22 Oct 2012               3016.96       3059.89733333333
IXIC   23 Oct 2012               2990.46       3042.35333333333
IXIC   24 Oct 2012               2981.70               3019.124
IXIC   25 Oct 2012               2986.12       3000.35533333333
IXIC   26 Oct 2012               2987.95       2991.22133333333


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